Image of Sweet Pea the Pug
GetPuggedUp’s Sweet Pea the Pug showing off her smile.
Pugs are a wonderful breed to have as pets. They are known for their loyalty, love and affection. When given the right training, pugs can be highly obedient. The best thing about pugs is that they are great with children because of their lovable nature. However, it is imperative to take proper care of pugs to ensure they lead a happy and healthy life.

There are some health and dietary needs of pugs that are essential for the pugs’ owners to learn and understand.

Neurological Condition

They can develop a neurological condition that may affect their brain, nerves and the spine. Epilepsy is one of the brain disorders seen in pugs, where they get fits and seizures that often manifest symptoms at six months. The epileptic condition seems painful, but is not. The Horner’s syndrome is also another condition you need to beware of, because it affects their cranial nerve that affects the eyes. Get medical attention immediately to keep your pet happy.


The ear of dogs are usually a delicate organ and their skin overall is very sensitive. These facts make them susceptible to ear infection, like Otitis. Their ear canal becomes very sensitive, they react to parasites, objects and even grass, allergies, and they get infection too often, which lead to Otitis. If the cause of your pug’s Otitis is allergies, then the treatment will be a lifelong one.

Thyroid Problem

If your pet’s thyroid fails to produce enough of thyroid hormone, it causes Hypothyroidism. This affects their metabolism and results in serious weight loss, and it slows the heart rate as well. Ultimately, they develop intolerance for the cold and develop other health problems. They need to be given thyroid hormone supplements to remain healthy then.

Lumps and Bumps

All dogs get lumps and bumps, including pugs. You need to keep a check on them because there might be cysts, tumors or lipomas, warts and abscesses, which need immediate attention. Sometimes, mast cells can turn into tumors due to trauma and release of histamine. With immediate medical attention, you can get surgical removal to save your pet’s life.

Joint Dislocation

Pugs are sturdy looking small dogs and it is common for them to suffer from hind quarter weaknesses. Pugs are typically at a higher risk of orthopedic issues as compared to other dogs. They are also at risk of developing a nerve disorder that affects their back legs. Luxating Patella (kneecap dislocation), Hip Dysplasia (hip joint dislocation), Hemivertebrae and Legg-Perthes Calves Disorder are some of the common problems in pugs.

Harmful Foods for Pugs

Here is a list of foods to avoid in your pug’s diet:

  • Sodas, Coffee and Chocolate
  • Undercooked or Raw Egg and Meat
  • Raw Salmon
  • Raisins, Grapes and Currants
  • Shallots, Onions, Scallions and Garlic
  • Macadamia Nuts, Almonds, Walnuts and Pistachio Nuts
  • Moldy Foods
  • Uncooked Bread Dough
  • Milk
  • Nutmeg and Mace
  • Mushrooms
  • Cooked Bones
  • Peaches, Cherries, Plums, and Apricots
  • Alcohol
  • Salt
  • Hops
  • Baby food
  • Apple Seeds, Pear Seeds and Persimmon Seeds
  • Avocado
  • Xylitol

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